The question in 1925 with the Scopes Monkey Trial was: "Who will dominate the American culture...the modernists or the traditionalists?"
Some dialogue from a 1960 movie based on the Scopes Trial..."Inherit The Wind" starring Spencer Tracy and Fredric March:
March: "We must not abandon faith! Faith is the most important thing!"
Tracy: "Then Why did God plague us with the capacity to think? Mr. Brady, why do you deny the one thing that sets us above the other animals?....What other merit have we?....The elephant is larger, the horse stronger and swifter,....the butterfly more beautiful,....the mosquito more prolific,....even the sponge is more durable....Or does a sponge think?"
March: "I don't know. I'm a man, not a sponge!"
Tracy: "Do you think a sponge thinks?"
March: "If the Lord wishes a sponge to think, it thinks!"
Tracy: "Does a man have the same privilege as a sponge?"
March: "Of course!"
Tracy: "Then this man wishes to have the same privilege of a sponge, HE WISHES TO THINK!!!"